Preventing Gum Disease

Common indications of gum disease:

While plaque is the primary cause of periodontal disease, the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) says that other factors are thought to increase the risk, severity and speed of gum disease development. These can include:

Tobacco use
One of the most significant risk factors associated with the development of periodontitis. People who smoke are seven times more likely to get periodontitis than nonsmokers, and smoking can lower the chances of success of some treatments.

Hormonal changes  
Hormonal changes such as pregnancy or menopause can cause  gums to be more sensitive and therefore gingivitis could develop.

Stress
Can cause difficulties for the body's immune system to fight  infection.

Medications
Some medications  can affect oral health because they reduce the flow of saliva. Saliva has a  a protective effect on a patient's teeth and gums. Some drugs also can cause abnormal growth of gum tissue.

Lack of proper nutrition
This may make it difficult for the patient's immune system to fight  infection. A diet  low in important nutrients will cause these sort of problems. Also if the  bacteria causing periodontal disease thrives in acidic environments then if a patient eats sugars and other  that increase their saliva  then the bacterial counts in their mouth will increase.

Illnesses
Many illnesses can  affect your gums. This can  include diseases such as cancer or AIDS that compromise  the patient's immune system.

Clenching and grinding teeth
Patients that exert too much  force on the supporting tissues of their teeth could unfortunately increase the speed at which gum  tissues are destroyed.